L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum are probiotics that are believed to have digestive benefits. So far, over 200 different beneficial bacteria have been discovered within the Lactobacillus genus, but L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum appear to be two of the most beneficial strains en par with L. acidophilus. Evidence suggests that probiotics may be beneficial for digestion, and it appears that L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum may also help with a wide range of other conditions and ailments.
Lactobacilli and other probiotics are neither fat-soluble nor water-soluble. Instead, they pass through your body using a mechanism called cell suspension. This mechanism provides lactobacilli with bioavailability that’s roughly equal to that of water-soluble substances.
These probiotics are abundant in almost all fermented foods. Yoghurt, cheese, and other fermented dairy products are off the menu for vegans, however, and non-dairy food sources of probiotics are often inconvenient or unappetising.
These probiotics are not recognised as essential nutrients, so there is no nutrient reference value (NRV) for L. bulgaricus or L. plantarum. Average doses used in clinical research vary between 1 billion and 10 billion colony-forming units (CFU) per day.
The only way to get enough L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum in your diet is to eat lots of fermented foods. Vegans can't eat fermented dairy, and there are plenty of reasons why you may dislike other fermented foods. Taking probiotics in a daily supplement, therefore, is the most convenient way to ingest L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum.
Your digestive tract contains trillions of probiotic bacteria. Your body needs these beneficial bacteria to process food and extract nutrients. Probiotics, therefore, appear to be beneficial no matter what your health condition may be, but the potential benefits these substances provide become even more profound after you’ve taken antibiotics, which wipe out all the beneficial bacteria in your gut.
It is almost always a good idea to take probiotics after you have ingested oral antibiotics. Since antibiotics strip your digestive system of beneficial bacteria, lactobacilli can help replenish your gut flora. Evidence also suggests that L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum could be useful for improving digestion for people of all ages and backgrounds.
Probiotics absorb into your digestive system very rapidly, but their effects are subtle. Unless your gut flora has recently been depleted by antibiotics, it may take a few weeks of continued dosing to note the effects of probiotics.
Since they engage in cell suspension within the body, L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum absorb into your digestive tract almost immediately.
Once inside your body, L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum begin dividing and creating colonies of healthy gut flora. While bacteria in your gut are constantly dying and being excreted, the continually regenerated colonies created by the probiotics you ingest should last indefinitely.
Evidence suggests that probiotics might exert antioxidant activity in the body.
Ingesting excessive quantities of probiotics may cause mild digestive discomfort. Additionally, probiotics should not be taken by immunocompromised individuals.
Probiotics like L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum generate colonies of beneficial bacteria that remain in the gut.
L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum are vegan and gluten-free, and they promote proper calorie usage by making digestion more efficient.
Probiotic bacteria themselves cannot be synthesised, but efforts are underway to use synthetic biology to develop new strains of probiotics.
Ideally, probiotics generated with synthetic biology would have improved bioavailability.
Probiotic bacteria are incredibly delicate organisms. It’s possible that tinkering with probiotic biology could result in unintended negative consequences.
You can ingest L. bulgaricus and L. plantarum by eating fermented foods or taking these probiotics in supplement form.
In 2020, a scientific review was released detailing ongoing efforts to use gene-editing tools like CRISPR to develop new strains of probiotics. The goal of this research is to make probiotics more effective and more efficient, but it’s too soon to say whether genetically engineered probiotics will be beneficial or harmful. Also this year, a Korean study found that L. plantarum was an effective treatment for colitis.