Urinary tract infections are one of the most prevalent bacterial diseases worldwide, particularly in females7. Lower UTIs are extremely common in women and unfortunately they can be an reoccurring issue, often resolved through antibiotic treatments. However, antibiotics are not always recommended for consistent long-term use because of the resistance that the body can show, which is why alternative treatments are very popular for managing UTIs.
In short, UTIs affect your urinary tract, including the bladder, urethra or kidneys8.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usually caused by bacteria entering the urethra (urinary tract). E.coli causes the vast majority of UTIs, followed by Klebsiella, but other organisms of importance include Proteus, Enterobacter, and Enterococcus9. Women have a shorter urethra than men. This means bacteria is more likely to reach the bladder or kidneys and cause an infection9.
There are a number of common symptoms for a UTI and some individuals may experience more severe side effects, however, typically these are the most experienced symptoms8:
- A burning or painful feeling during urination
- Urge to urinate
- Frequent urination
- Cloudy and strong smelling urine
- Abdominal or back pain
- High or low temperature (below 36 celsius)